The Scandinavian design style is one of
the sensations of today’s design world, whether it is in interior design,
graphic design, fashion design, and even daily utility objects like household
goods. Thanks to the Nordic countries to
create & developed this style to give the
different perspective of design & the life which surround it. This style
flourished in the mid 20th century and stunned the entire world with it

Scandinavian design style characterized
by simplicity, and functionality. All Scandinavian designers are inspired by
its prime feature of functionality, here design is created for its primary use
to highlight the functionality and not as a decorative purpose. Scandinavian design
style have shared similar features with minimalism, but still, both are
different from each other like in Scandinavian style wood is most prominent
& its furniture has smooth corners, warm fabric and in minimalist style
steel, glossy surfaces we can see a lot with sharp and strict edges of

Scandinavian designers designed the architecture for bright, lots of
natural light & airy environment because of the long winters and a few
hours of sunlight in the Nordic countries. The Scandinavian design known for its
versatility in design areas likes furniture, textiles, lights, ceramics &
glass and especially for households.
Also, the style applied to
industrial technologies such as consumer electronics, cell phones, and
The Scandinavian style is all about functionality in everything which
afford to
every human being for their life.

History Of Scandinavian Style

Scandinavian design is
a design movement that emerged in the early 20th century and
subsequently flourished in the 1950s throughout the five Nordic countries
of Norway, Sweden,  Denmark, Finland, and Iceland. The Scandinavian the word comes from Scandinavia is a sub-region in Northern Europe
that refers to the countries which make the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern
Europe. These countries are Denmark, Norway, and Sweden with two more Nordic
countries are Finland & Iceland because of their linguistic, historical,
and cultural connections.

The term Scandinavian design originated
from a design show with the same name as “Scandinavian Design” that traveled
through the United States and Canada between 1954 and 1957, before that, the design was not so popular in the design world. And also the Brooklyn Museum
organized its “Design in Scandinavia” show in 1954 in America, which played an
important role to famous the style with its design principles throughout
America & Europe.

The reason behind the birth of The Scandinavian design style was the long, harsh winters with
a few
hours of daylight kept people indoors for many months. Because of these
geographical and climatic conditions the style came into the frame by some of
the famous Scandinavian designers who created the golden era of Scandinavian
design from the 1930s to the 1970s. The founders of Scandinavian
philosophy, ideology, and style with their famous artwork;

Alvar Aalto – Paimio chair

Arne Jacobsen – Drop, Egg, and Swan

Hans J. Wegner – Wishbone Chair

Verner Panton – Panton Chair

Borge Mogensen – Spanish Chair 

Poul Henningsen – The PH Artichoke lamp

Maija Isola – Printed textiles

Reference Picture From Wikipedia_Scandinavian Design_The Brooklyn
Museum’s 1954 “Design In Scandinavia” Exhibition Launched In American

Characteristics Of
Scandinavian Design Style  

The Scandinavian style has ruled over
ornamented beauty because functionality in every design was the motive of the
design style. It is characterized
simplicity, functionality, decluttered spaces, natural light, and natural

Simplicity & Clean Lines

  • From architecture to interior to households,
    everything shows the simplicity & functionality
  • Furniture or any other object has clean
    & smooth lines to replicate the simplicity


  • Create functional space with minimal
  • Furniture, decoration, artwork should
    blend with each other & shows the functionality into space


  • Scandinavian homes were very
    small at that time, so space should be functional, simple & decluttered
  • Even if room size is large space should be
    minimal furniture & accessories which are functional

Natural Light

  • The large window is the prime feature of
    the structure, it helps ample of light to come in
  • The window treatment should be light
    & more use of sheer or transparent curtains

Natural Material

  • Natural materials like stone, wood,
    leather and jute are used most
  • For flooring & textiles
    are wool,
    oak wood, felted wool, cotton, and ash wood are used large amount to give the
    pleasing ambiance 

Elements Of Scandinavian

After understanding the meaning,
history & characteristics of the Scandinavian design style, you
need to understand the elements of design that give the added sophistication
the extraordinary design
Here are the key elements:

Neutral Colors

  • White and gray are
    the main colors to
    look the room wider & brighter
  • Floors are in natural material with the neutral
    look & it highlights the space


  • The furniture has a simple
    & a clean shape with soft edges to show the functionality
  • With a soft, warm, clean & simple texture
    furnishing to give comfort

Simple Pattern & Warm

  • Patterns are clean, simple &
    symmetric to give elegance in simplicity, mostly plants & bold graphic
    prints with light background
  • Soft & a comfortable textile
    to give a cozy


  • Lots of indoor plants give nature
    connection with outdoor
  • Snake plants, monstera deliciosa, fern
    plants etc. are the specific examples

Accessories & Artwork

  • Create a gallery wall with minimal frame
    graphic and artwork on a white color room to create a neutral color
  • Simple & eye-pleasing accessories, plants
    & liner art graphic prints for accent picture frames


Elegant Scandinavian Style Living Room 

The Scandinavian design style is a
perfect connection with nature, showcasing the simplicity & functionality.
There are many boutiques & stores of Scandinavian style furniture, decor,
and daily utilities so that you can get the style easily into your space. The style evolved from the Nordic countries climate conditions but today this style
makes its own statement in
design industry with its easy to take philosophy. If you love the pastels &
cozy the ambiance in your space then the Scandinavian style is the miracle for you. 

If you want to know about Contemporary Style in interior design, the link is below.



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