What are false ceiling | What are the types of false ceiling

What Are False
Ceilings

  • A lower ceiling or secondary ceiling hung below the main (structural) ceiling is called a false ceiling.
  • The false ceiling is usually provided for the temperature control (AC heat insulation), the installation of lights, or the concealment of electrical and other networking cables
  •  The area above the dropped ceiling is called plenum space
  •  Due to the versatile nature and other important features, the false ceiling has become an
    an essential feature for every commercial place.

 General
Benefits Of False Ceiling

The general advantage that everyone is familiar with is that it improves the esthetically appearance and proportion of the interior spaces, but this benefit is only the tip of the iceberg, as there are many advantages that the false ceiling gives to a few of them listed below:

  •  Hides
    ducting and other structural elements
    under the ceiling
  •  Works
    as a heat insulator
  • Works as an acoustic barrier by reducing echo problems. (Specially in theaters, conference halls, auditoriums, etc.)
  •  False
    ceiling
    can also act as a fire separator if the material used in making ceiling tiles
    are mineral fiber
    or
    fire rated wood
    panels

Types of False
Ceiling:

False ceilings can be differentiated into many types based on their use, material used, appearance and visibility.

The main classification based on the materials used is briefly set out below:

GYPSUM BOARD FALSE CEILING

  •  As
    the name suggests, these are made of gypsum, a hydrated calcium sulfate, has
    the quality of withstanding for a long time

  • Gypsum is the most widely used false ceiling material. The panels come either with tapered or square edges

  •  Gypsum
    boards
    can be easily fixed either by nailing directly to ply or other plain surfaces
    or placing on a galvanized iron
    (GI) metal grid

  •  Gypsum
    the board comes in standard sizes of 6 feet X4 feet and 8 feet X 4 feet.

 Types
Of Gypsum Boards Available In Market

  •  Regular
    Gypsum Board

  •  Fire Resistant
    Gypsum Board

  •  Moisture
    Resistant
    Gypsum Board

  •  Fire and
    Moisture Resistant Gypsum Boards

Pros

Cons

  • However, easy to install, it can be a difficult
    process
    to uninstall these boards. Repairing these means that the complete ceiling will
    have to be broken down

  • With time moisture seeps into gypsum
    boards through leaking roofs or air conditioning pipes. This could result in
    fungal growth in the ceiling or even cause reshaping of the boards

  • Gypsum boards are expensive than POP

COFFERED FALSE CEILINGS

  • The coffered ceiling is a group of sunk panels of various shapes in the ceiling.  
  • Dating back to when they were made
    of stone, a coffered ceiling was considered an architectural feat of
    construction
  •  In modern times, the coffered ceiling often
    refers to a custom wooden frame over ceiling panels to create the look of the
    historical design
  • Coffered ceilings are formed by recessed panels surrounded by sloping beams that create a grid pattern. It’s a classic Greek and Roman ceiling design.
  • A coffered ceiling can bring drama or add subtle architectural details to any room
 

Pros

  • Coffered ceilings can be good for acoustics,
    absorbing excess sound in an area
  • A coffered ceiling can increase the resale value of your home by a significant amount
  • Because of the height, Coffered ceiling
    can create the illusion of a higher ceiling

Cons

  • Coffered ceilings are expensive
    because
    ceilings
    require
    professional installation and advanced carpentry
    skills
  • Coffered ceilings make the most sense in rooms
    that already have higher-than-usual ceiling heights (say,
    ten feet
    or more).
  • While the coffered ceilings are capable of creating the illusion of a larger space, they also run the risk of lowering the low ceiling

PLASTER OF PARIS FALSE CEILING

falseceiling,typesofceilng

Pros

  • It is light in weight and more durable

  • It is a very good fire-resistant and therefore a very good heat-insulating material.

  •   It
    does not shrink while setting. Therefore, it does not develop cracks in heating
    or setting.

  • It blends easily with water and is easy to spread and level.

  •  It
    gives a firm surface on which the
    colors can be set

  • The plaster of Paris gives a decorative
    interior finish. Its gypsum content provides it a lot of shine and smoothness

  • It can easily be molded into
    any shape

Cons

  • The major drawback of POP is its tendency to crack over time

  • The process of mixing the contents of the on-site POP is messy and complicated. Of course, after installing this type of suspended ceiling, a lot of cleaning is needed

  • During the application process, a lot of POP mixture is wasted

WOOD FALSE CEILING

  •  Plywood ceilings are popular for their
    visually attractive feature

  •  It can be used both for domestic and
    commercial purposes

  •  Wood false ceilings are used more commonly due
    to its natural textures and patterns

  •  They are widely preferred as they consist
    good acoustic properties, insulation properties, high insulation strength, and
    give your house a natural and cool appearance.

  •  The type of wood used for ceilings is
    Barn wood,
    Faux
    wood etc

  •  They are costly and can be installed in
    residential buildings,
    commercial,
    restaurants etc

 Wood panels are among the more expensive
panels because of their high cost of material and the higher cost of
maintenance

Pros

  • They are strong and attractive

  • They can be given various finishes or
    painted to get the desired look

  • They can be easily treated to increase
    their lifespan

Cons

  • Wooden ceilings are difficult to maintain
    as they are prone to termite attacks

  • The room has to be thermally controlled
    to reduce the humidity in the air

  • Wood is also prone to warping and other
    physical changes that happen over time

  • Wooden false ceilings are costly; therefore, it is necessary to consider the total false ceiling costs before proceeding.

Pros

  • Minimal maintenance

  • Acoustical performance achieved through
    perforation

  • Fire and water-resistant

  • They do not crack or warp with time and retain
    their shape. So, peeling is unheard of. Metal ceilings need almost zero
    maintenance and repair

  • They can also be easily removed for
    any kind of maintenance purpose

Cons
PVC false CEILING

  •  Polyvinyl
    chloride (PVC) is the perfect plastic material for false
    ceilings.

  •  PVC ceiling
    panels are a highly cost-effective alternative to other costlier panels

  • PVC ceiling tiles solve the problem of dirty and unhygienic ceilings because they are easy to clean and maintain 

  • It is one of the few types of false ceiling that are easy to install, lightweight, waterproof, termite-proof, and require very little maintenance

  • They
    do not get affected by UV light and hence are colorfast

  • They
    can also be finished in a variety of ways giving flexibility in design

Pros

  • PVC ceilings are inexpensive to make and
    install

  • They are mass-produced and available
    through a wide variety of distributors. You can get almost any color you
    desire

  • PVC false ceilings are durable and
    sturdy. They last for a very long time and need very little maintenance

Cons

  • One of the biggest arguments against PVC
    as a material is that it makes use of chlorine, which is hazardous and toxic
    gas in its natural state

  • Of course, PVC ceiling
    material do
    not generally contain vast amounts of free chlorine. However, over time they
    may break down in such a way that minute traces of chlorine are introduced into
    the air.

  • PVC is not the most attractive ceiling
    covering. Many people consider PVC to be inferior in appearance and choose to avoid it for esthetic reasons

glass FALSE ceiling

  •  One of the types of false ceiling used in
    construction is of glass

  •  It is a non-crystalline material with the
    property of brittle and transparent. But this can be altered to make it nonbrittle and non-transparent using some admixtures

  •  Because glass is a good insulator of heat, it
    can be used for false ceilings. This type of false ceiling improves the aesthetical
    appearance of the building

  •  Glass
    ceiling panels can be a suitable roofing solution in establishments such as
    libraries, restaurants, book stores, and
    jewelry shops

  •  Their
    transparency can be used effectively to make small spaces look
    bigger

 Pros

  • It allows the eyes to travel and explore
    the space without obstruction

  • Glass can be colored,
    patterned, or laminated to create an interesting focal point for a room

Cons

 GRID FALSE CEILING

  •  Fibre ceiling tiles are developed by natural or
    synthetic minerals

  •  This type of drop ceiling uses mineral tiles
    that are ceramics, reinforced with natural stone, wood, vegetable fiber,
    bitumen, and tars.

  •  These elements increase the insulation capacity of the product. Therefore, they are perfect for areas where heat and
    sound insulation is needed

  • Fiber ceiling tiles are available in a range of sizes, shapes, and designs. They ‘re cheap and easy to install! 

    Grid False Ceiling is one of the most common styles of false ceiling used in commercial office spaces

  •  However, fiber ceiling panels are not suitable for
    residential applications because they lack aesthetic appeal

Pros

  • They have high insulation against sound and fire

  • The fiber increases the hardness and the toughness
    of the material

  • The material can be decorated with paint
    or other finishes that improve the aesthetics of the room

  • Easy to install and tiles
    can be replaced with
    no
    effort

  • Easy to keep as you can remove the ceiling
    tiles whenever you want

Cons

  • It cannot be used for residential areas as
    they are appealing for home interior

  • They are highly susceptible to water
    damage

fabric or cloth false CEILING

  • They
    are not highly recommended as they collect dust over some time. The light diffused through the fabrics gives the room a comfortable intensity and a warm mood

  •  This kind of false ceiling is not as
    functional as others but definitely raises the look of a room


Pros

  • Installation is quick, easy, and does not
    require a highly skilled professional
  • Very few styles of false ceilings can
    equal the aesthetic value added by high-quality fabric

Cons

  •  If you are staying on the top floor of the
    the building or any other where heat is transmitted on your slab, then
    thermocol
    the ceiling will for sure reduce your heat

  •  You can apply thermocol on the ceiling and then you can do a false ceiling in it also. From this method you get
    more heat insulation

  •  Heat can’t be reduced fully but to
    50%-80%

  •  It’s very cost-effective

  •  It’s easy to install and maintain

Pros

  • Installation is quick, easy, and does not
    require a highly skilled professional

  • Mostly used for heat insulation

Cons

  • It gets dusty easily

  • This cannot be used as a permanent feature of home decor

Advantages and disadvantages of
false ceiling

Pros

  • It provides
    a smooth homogeneous surface to the roof

  • It
    provides fire protection as it creates compartmentation

  • False
    ceiling helps in acoustical treatment

  • It
    conceals all the non-pleasing elements and hides it from the viewer’s eyes

  • It
    also hides the pipelines and the electrical cables running in the room. All the
    ducts of air-conditioning can be hidden under it

Cons

  • The most worrying part of making a false ceiling will be insects. They will get into space and continue their own breeding, which might lead to a lot of problems in the future
  • Always, be careful when putting up decorations or hangings when you have a false ceiling in place. Make sure you know the power and durability of your roof, do it, and don’t.
  • Finally, the false ceiling would significantly reduce the height of the ceiling and therefore do not install a false ceiling unless you have a decent ceiling height.  

                             

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