Many individuals are wondering what terrazzo is. To address
that question, terrazzo can be used to create a variety of different finishes.
In one statement, terrazzo is defined as a composite material that is poured in
place or prefabricated for precast terrazzo. Terrazzo is made up of marble,
granite, quartz, glass, shell, and other suitable materials chipped together.
The binder is either cement or an epoxy matrix.

In Mumbai 20 years back builders used to give the
residential flat terrazzo flooring but now it is replaced with ceramic tiles
because of the high cost. But then too if not refurbished you will see the
terrazzo flooring in your friend’s house or older buildings.

It has a rich look and feels that instantly transforms the
appearance of a place. It has been increasingly popular in recent years as a
more appealing alternative to marble and granite in-house design. So will see
where this material came came from.

History of
Terrazzo

Terrazzo was invented in Venice in the 15th
century. Terrazzo has a fascinating history and may be found all over the
world. Marble has been used as a primary building material in Italy for over
500 years. For their private residences and terraces, Venetian laborers would
use leftover marble pieces saved from previous expensive projects, laying them
next to each other on a clay mortar basis. It was old-shaped pieces of waste
marble placed in mortar.

Workers would toss enormous marble chips into the wet
cement, which would then be crushed and polished. These ideas combine to make
the typical form of terrazzo, which consists of stone bits linked to a cement
bed.

While the Venetians are widely credited with inventing
terrazzo, researchers have discovered evidence of such floors in ruins in
Turkey reaching back 10,000 years. Fast forward to now, and epoxy is used in
the majority of installations.

Terrazzo was brought to the US in 1890 and gained popularity
in 1920. Epoxy terrazzo, which was first introduced in the 1970s, quickly
established benefits over cement terrazzo systems, including faster
installation times, better design flexibility, and longer lifecycles.

How is terrazzo
made?

The resin is blended with colored marble, granite chips, or
other acceptable aggregates such as glass to create a durable, hard-wearing,
and extremely decorative flooring option. The mix is ground and polished during
production to display the aggregate pattern, which contrasts with the colored
epoxy.

Terrazzo comes in a variety of thicknesses, ranging from 8
to 12 mm, depending on the application. 
The benefits of such a product are well-known; terrazzo
dates back to ancient Egypt, with the more modern variety we are familiar with
extending back hundreds of years to Italy. 
Terrazzo is mostly used in Flooring and consists of
decorative fillers and cementitious or polymeric binders. When flooring is
created with terrazzo, metal strips are used to divide sections or colors, or
patterns.
 

Many people use this approach to create kitchen countertops,
tabletops, benches, and shelving, as well as bathroom countertops. The material
is very adaptable, so you may try out different forms and designs. The color
possibilities are numerous and, to be honest, can be overwhelming at times. Do
you know Goat milk was used on terrazzo to bring out the color?

Types of Terrazzo Flooring

Epoxy terrazzo

One of the most popular varieties of terrazzo is epoxy. To
make it, a thick resin matrix veneer must be applied to a level concrete slab.
It has a small profile and is exceedingly adaptable. It is chemically resistant
and can be used for both flooring and counters Epoxy cleared is mixed with
Color pigment and chips of quartz, marble, granite, glass, mirror, and mother
of pearl. While adding quartz cost depends on the type and quantity of filler
used. Marble and colored chips being used the cheapest and Mother of pearl is
the costliest. Multiple colors, designs, and patterns also affect the cost.   

Rustic Terrazzo 

With its slip-resistant rough coating, it’s usually used
outside. The finish is obtained by softly washing away some of the cement
before curing, exposing the marble, granite, or quartz aggregate, rather than
grinding and polishing.

Sand Cushion Terrazzo

The terrazzo is poured over a wire-reinforced mud
bed of sand and cement mixture that the builders also installed. Standard
straight metal divider strips are partially implanted in the mud bed wherever
there will be a joint or a color change while the mud bed is still soft.

Advantages of Terrazzo

·        
Epoxy terrazzo provides a seamless finish that
is suited for a variety of materials when grinded and polished. Bacteria, mold,
and dampness cannot grow because there are no grout lines. Epoxy terrazzo also
comes in a variety of colors and aggregates to help you create a unique
pattern. Terrazzo is also quite easy to clean and preserve over time. Terrazzo
is also long-lasting and requires little to no replacement throughout its
lifespan.

·        
There are many different colors, designs, and
patterns to choose from. You can create customized floorings based on your
needs. It has a fresh and modern appearance.

·        
Designed for large-scale commercial venues with
a high volume of foot traffic. Example: Schools, hospitals, airports, and
offices.

 

Advantages for the environment

  •          The majority of the materials used to produce
    terrazzo flooring are 60 percent recycled aggregates.
  •          Terrazzo has a low maintenance demand and saves
    energy.
  •          When creating terrazzo flooring, aluminium
    strips are used for joints.
  •          To restore original brightness, old terrazzo
    floors can be scrubbed and resealed with acrylic sealers.         

What kind of design we can from
terrazzo?

Epoxy terrazzo is known for its design flexibility. You can
build any design you can think of. With only one color of epoxy, you can create
a smooth terrazzo floor. Simple geometric designs such as squares, rectangles,
and circles can be used to create a terrazzo floor arrangement. Alternatively,
you can make more detailed drawings that may require numerous colors or curves
to finish. Terrazzo gives designers the ability to create a unique floor
design.

What is precast terrazzo?

Terrazzo can be made in the precast form, which is a block
or slab that can be custom carved to build stairwells, walls, counters, cove
base, and flat bases. Precast terrazzo is made in a controlled environment
before being brought to a construction site for quick installation.

What is lifespan terrazzo
flooring?

Terrazzo will often outlast any building construction, as
evidenced by structures built over 100 years. A poured-in-place epoxy terrazzo
system can endure anywhere from 40 to 100 years, and with proper maintenance,
it can last even longer.

We hope you have like this informative blog on terrazzo flooring. If want to connect with us you can join our telegram channel @trishnadesign.

 

 

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